Continuation of advantages
- An acre of land will fetch charcoal worth about Kes 73,000 per year, in an arid region in Kenya.
- Charcoal is big business in Africa. According to the World Future Council, 80% of Africans rely on wood or charcoal for energy and 4 million hectares of forest are felled each year on the continent, twice the world average. To many, there is no alternative. Bamboo forests is the only sustainable charcoal production in Africa.
Growth and development:
A single shoot, which may reach 1m in height, is produced in the first year from a rhizome.
From the third season onwards, several shoots are produced annually. Rhizomes penetrate 30cm in 3 years. On one acre, you can plant up to 88 seedlings with a spacing of 5 m by 5 m square.
Stems reach 1.2cm in diameter and 1.8–3.0m in height within a few years of germination, reaching full height and diameter in 4–8 years.
New stems break through the soil surface in the rainy season. Extensive growth slows down after 3–4 weeks, and ceases after 2–4 months. New shoots appear at the peripheries of clumps. Clump longevity is estimated 40 years.
The stems mature in 3 years and may survive for 8 years, but they are over-mature and unsuitable for harvesting from 6 years of age onwards.
This species is rerely managed systematically, but weeding of newly established clumps, and removal of overhead shade, is recommended.
Clump diameters range from 1m to 8m, and clumps may contain 20–100 (exceptionally up to 200) stems. Since ancient times, this woody plant has been a vital resource for communities living in the semi-arid regions.
Leaf rust (Kweilingia divina, synonym: Dasturella divina) which can be controlled using any broad spectrum fungicide.
Due to its many favorable characteristics and especially its fast growth rate of 1 ½ feet to 3 feet a day, the timber from this unique bamboo species has a wide range of uses, and it is considered one of the world’s top quality pulping species due to its high fibre yields. “It is among 38 priority bamboos of economic imprtance- INBAR.”
To our clients outsideKenya, all bamboo seedlings are planted on an internationally accepted media, and will be packed and sent to you accompanied by the requisite phytosanitary certificate. The orders should reach you in just a few hours, fresh and ready for immediate planting.
KITIL FARM5Pil fndo district
Kitil Farm HQ, Isinya, Kajiando District
P.O.Box 762-00606 Sarit Centre, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: 254 2 722729630 Fax: 254 2 04347094
Web site: www.kitilifarm.com
Oxytenanthera abyssinica (lowland bamboo) is a clump forming, solid stemmed bamboo. It is a drought resistant shrub or small tree which grows in Savannah woodland and in semi-arid wooded grassland.
The dense clump consists of 20–100 (exceptionally up to 200) stems (culms) between 10–15m tall and up to 10cm in diameter with 23 internoted of 32cm. It grows with a minimum annual rainfall of between 350 and 800 mm.
Average annual temperatures are 20 to 27°C, with monthly average daily maxima of 30 to 36°C and daily minimal of 7 to 17°C.
It is a lowland bamboo, occurring from sea-level up to 2000m altitude, but mainly at 300–1500m.
Due to its solid nature, this bamboo is known for its quality raw material for building, making household and commercial products, fencing poles and pulp. It is a plant with nutritional value and its young bamboo shoots can be cooked and eaten as vegetable, while the foliage can be used as animal fodder.
Cultivation requirements: This solid bamboo grows in part shade to full sun (preferably full sun), grows on all types of soils from various types of parent rock, soil 6.5 pH – 8 ph, sandy loam to clay loam, sandy soils, and tolerates very poor soils with normal moisture-retentive to moist with good drainage. Well adapted to long dry seasons and uncertain rainfall patterns. Soil fertility is not a major influence. Cultivation manual by UNIDO.
Bamboo stands out among woody plants in so many respects. It offers a great variety of uses and possesses excellent qualities which are not found in other plants. In terms of rate of growth it grows faster than timber trees. The culms mature at an early age of 4 to 5 years, and this makes the cutting age relatively short.
Bamboo nicknamed the wonder plant, is the strongest and fastest growing woody plant on earth, and supplies a global trade worth an estimated US$2 billion per year.
There are enough commercial and environmental reasons why you should plant bamboo.
Advantages of this bamboo:
- A plantations of O. Abyssinica can be a continuous source of bamboo charcoal briquettes for household cooking to prevent deforestation, firewood for tea factories, pulp for paper industries, hardboard, particle board and pulpwood pipes, crates, fish-traps, horticultural or garden stakes, canoe poles, arrow and spear shafts, leaves as fodder, plants for hedges, windbreaks, erosion control, as ornamental plants, wind-break, soil erosion control and rehabilitation of degraded sites, biomass production, carbon credit for major investors etc.
- High volume of quality raw material for building, manufacture of wooden products like tiles and, perquets, tooth picks, match-sticks, incense-sticks, scaffolding sleepers, flower/horticultural stands, industrial wood for energy e.g. in tea factories.
- This clump-forming bamboo grows with a robust rhizome of up to 10 cm in diameter conducive for fencing poles.
- · Its shoots are edible while the voliage can be used as animal fodder.
- Sap from shoot tips is used for brewing alcoholic drinks (“ulanzi”, 5 – 5.5% alcohol) similar in taste to beer.
- It is also recorded to be used as medicine. Rhizomes used in treating dysentery, leaves in treating diabetes, colic and rheumatism, roots in treating skin diseases, leaf decoction in treating polyuria, oedema and albuminuria.
- Bamboo plays a very valuable environmental role. Its complex root system, can act as a fantastic water filter, removing nutrients and dangerous poisons such as heavy metals and not allowing them to get into the food chain.
- It can be used for bamboo-based board’s applications such as particleboards, medium density fiber board and strand boards and for pulp and paper manufacture
- A processing plant can produce a panel board of 4.8cm x 5m and up to 300 panel boards per day. Each board will sell at $12.75 amounting to a daily sale of Kes 313,650. The total labor and material cost for one panel is $5.09.
- It is estimated that this bamboo species can yield 10-33 tons of dry stems per hector per year. A pure stand of Oxytenanthera abyssinica contains up to 750 clumps and 30,000 stems per hectare. Each clump is harvested once or twice a year. The minimum number of nine meters tall poles per harvest is approx. 20-35. Each pole can sell for up to Kes 200.
- · This superbamboo can produce a total biomass of 19,000 kg/ha and upto 9-10 tons of bamboo charcoal per hectare per year with a minimum rainfall of 350 – 800 mm.
- The charcoal industry is a multi-billion dollar industry. A large market exist in EU, USA and ASIA with prices ranging from $170 to $300 per ton. In South African, smaller packs in paper and carton cost even much higher. Continue over leaf
We will be taking part in the 2011 Christmas Fair on 3rd and 4th December at the Ngong Racecourse. Please come and discuss with us your bamboo investment needs.
A solid solution to a solid problem, with the solid bamboo!!
Kitil Farm HQ, Isinya, Kajiando District
P.O.Box 762 00606 Sarit Centre, Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: +254 722729630 Fax: +254 2 02701803
We have over 500,000 bamboo seedlings, 30-60 cm tall and planted on internationally accepted media. Ready for local, regional and international markets.
2011 is the International Year of Forests